Idaṃ kho pana bhikkhave, dukkhanirodho ariyasaccaṃ: yo tassāyeva taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.
“This, monks, is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering: the cessation of craving without any remainder, giving it up, renouncing it, and complete freedom from it.”
Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta (SN 56.11)
In the Third Noble Truth, the Noble Truth on the Cessation of Suffering (dukkhanirodho ariyasaccaṃ), a very simple yet profound truth is acknowledged – that freedom from suffering is possible.
Within this truth, the phrase “taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo” expresses a lot. The exact meaning of this phrase spoken by the Buddha can be further deconstructed as follows.
- taṇhāya = craving, thirst, the fever of unsatisfied longing
- asesa = complete, without a remainder, fully, not leaving a remnant
- virāga = absense of desire, dispassion
- nirodho = cessation
- cāgo = abandoning, giving up
- paṭinissaggo = forsaking, giving up
- mutti = release, freedom
- anālayo = free from attachment, doing away with
In acknowledging that the cessation of stress (dukkhanirodho ariyasaccaṃ) and liberation from the continuously flowing cycle of birth and death (Saṃsāra) is possible, the Buddha sheds a light of realistic hope on the path of peace.